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Genealogical Symbols and Common Abbreviations

When you work with Danish publications, official documents and other sources in connection with family history you will usually encounter several abbreviations and a few symbols, some of which is more or less obvious. This list includes the most common abbreviations found in published sources and is an addition to the Danish-English genealogical word list / glossary.


Symbol Danish Abbr. Danish Meaning   English Transl. English Abbr.
 
a.
amt
->
county
 
 
alm.
almindelig
->
common
 
 
begr.
begravet
->
buried
 
 
da.
dansk
->
Danish
 
 
d.a.
datter af
->
daughter of
 
 
dt.
datter
->
daughter
dau.
 
dvs.
det vil sige
->
that is (to say)
i.e.
   
d√łbt
->
baptized
bapt.
†
d.
d√łd
->
died
d.
   
efter
->
after
aft.
 
el.
eller
->
or
 
 
fhv.
forhenværende
->
retired
ret.
*
f.
f√łdt
->
born
b.
   
f√łr
->
before
bef.
 
fx.
for eksempel
->
for instance
e.g.
~
g.
gift (viet)
->
married
m. / =
 
g.1
gift f√łrste gang
->
first marriage
m1.
 
gl.
gammel, gamle
->
old
 
 
g.m. 
gift med
->
married to
 
 
h. / hrd.
herred
->
district
 
 
hmd.
husmand
->
smallholder
 
 
gd.
gård
->
farm
 
 
gmd.
gårdmand
->
farmer
 
 
Kbh.
K√łbenhavn
->
Copenhagen
 
 
kbst.
K√łbstad
->
market town
 
 
kgd.
kirkegård
->
cemetary
 
 
kr.
kroner
->
Kroner/Crowns (DKK)
 
 
m.
med
->
with
 
 
s. / so.
sogn
->
parish
 
 
s.a.
s√łn af
->
son of
 
 
s.a.
samme år
->
same year
 
 
tidl.
tidligere
->
former, earlier
 
   
ugift
->
unmarried
unm.
   
ukendt (navn)
->
no name 
NN
   
ukendt
->
unknown
unk.
 
årh.
århundrede
->
century
 

[ ] are generally used for supplementary text (e.g. signatures and \r\ncomments) or omitted text.

A few numbers and facts...

  • 500,000

    ...Danes emigrated up to 1968, and of these about 70% departed for the USA. In the 1800's alone a vast majority of 90% went to the USA. Read more...

  • 261,065

    This many individuals, comprising of 4.6 percent of all Danes, carries the surname JENSEN followed by NIELSEN, HANSEN, PEDERSEN and ANDERSEN. Read more...

  • 1,000

    Of the 5,000 basic words in modern English, as many as 20 percent are so-called loan words from the Old Norse language (ON). Read more...

  • 1769

    This year the first Danish census was taken. The next censuses were taken in 1787 and 1801 and from 1834 onwards every 5-10 years. Read more...

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